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EBC Trek and Island peak Climbing

June 28, 2018

EBC Trek and Island peak Climbing

Trip Highlights:

Island Peak Trek and Climb is situated in the high picturesque Imjatse valley, visiting conventional, social towns of Sherpa highlanders of Everest region on the planet’s most astounding mountain Everest Base Camp with appealing perspectives, a delightful and stunning nation, from elevated to ice zone and ice sheets magnificent close perspectives on Mt. Everest from high Kalapathar to tranquil woodland of rhododendron, pines, and oaks trees improve with vegetation.

Trip Outlook:

The Everest Base Camp Trek and Island Peak Climbing trip is a challenging and rewarding adventure that takes you through some of the most beautiful and remote parts of the Himalayas. Here’s an outlook on what you can expect on this trip:

  • Difficulty: The Everest Base Camp Trek and Island Peak Climbing trip is considered a challenging trek and climb, requiring good physical fitness, stamina, and endurance. The trek involves long and steep ascents and descents, while the climb requires the use of ropes and other technical equipment.
  • Weather: The best time to do this trip is during the spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) seasons when the weather is dry and clear. During these times, the temperatures are mild, and the skies are usually clear, making for great visibility of the mountains.
  • Accommodation: During the trek, you will stay in teahouses or lodges along the trail, which provide basic but comfortable accommodations and meals. On the climb, you will stay in tents at high altitudes.
  • Highlights: The highlights of this trip include trekking to Everest Base Camp, which is the base camp of the world’s highest mountain, and climbing Island Peak, which is a challenging peak that offers stunning views of the Himalayas. Along the way, you will also get to see many other beautiful mountains, glaciers, and high-altitude lakes.
  • Altitude: The trek and climb take you to high altitudes, with the highest point being the summit of Island Peak at 6,189 meters (20,305 feet). It is important to acclimatize properly and follow a gradual ascent to avoid altitude sickness.
  • Equipment: You will need to bring or rent specialized gear such as crampons, ice axes, harnesses, and helmets for the climb. Your trekking gear should include warm clothing, a good-quality sleeping bag, and a sturdy pair of trekking boots.

Overall, the Everest Base Camp Trek and Island Peak Climbing trip is a challenging but unforgettable adventure that offers stunning scenery, cultural experiences, and a sense of accomplishment upon reaching the summit of Island Peak.


The Everest Base Camp (EBC) Trek and Island Peak Climbing are two popular adventure activities in the Khumbu region of Nepal.

The EBC trek is a 12-14 day journey that takes you through the beautiful Himalayan landscapes, passing through Sherpa villages and Buddhist monasteries. The trek starts from Lukla and goes through Namche Bazaar, Tengboche, Dingboche, Lobuche, Gorak Shep and finally to the base camp of Mount Everest.

Island Peak Climbing is a technical climb that requires mountaineering skills and experience. The peak stands at 6,189 meters and is a popular choice for climbers looking to test their skills before attempting higher peaks. The climb involves steep ascents, rocky trails, and a challenging ice wall.

Many trekkers opt to combine the EBC trek with the Island Peak climb, making it a challenging but rewarding adventure. The entire trek and climb can take around 20-23 days, depending on the itinerary and climber’s ability. It is recommended to have prior mountaineering experience and to be physically fit to undertake this adventure.

It is essential to go with a licensed and experienced guide who can provide the necessary guidance, equipment and support during the trek and climb. The best time to do the EBC Trek and Island Peak Climbing is from March to May and September to November when the weather is favorable, and the views are spectacular.

Outline itinerary:

Day 01: Arrival at Kathmandu and transfer to respective hotels.

Day 02: In Kathmandu with a sightseeing tour and trek/climb preparations.

Day 03: Fly to Lukla 2,830 m & trek to Phakding 2,640 m – 04 hrs.

Day 04: Trek to Namche Bazaar 3,440 m – 05 hrs.

Day 05: Rest day at Namche Bazaar for acclimatization and excursion.

Day 06: Trek to Tengboche 3,867 m – 05 hrs.

Day 07: Trek to Pheriche 4,243 m -05 hrs.

Day 08: Trek to Lobuche 4,930 m – 05 hrs.

Day 09: Trek to Gorakshep 5,140 m / Everest Base Camp 5,360 m.

Day 10: Hike to Kalapatthar 5,545 m trek to Chukhung 4,730 m- 06 hrs.

Day 11: Trek to Island Peak Base Camp 4,970 m – 03 hrs.

Day 12: Rest day at Base Camp.

Day 13: Trek & Climb to High Camp 5,400 m – 04 hrs.

Day 14: Climb to the Summit of Island Peak – 06 hrs.

Day 15: Spare and contingency day.

Day 16: Trek back to Dingboche 4,260 m – 06 hrs.

Day 17: Trek to Tengboche – 05 hrs.

Day 18: Trek to Monjo 2,830 meters – 06 hrs.

Day 19: Trek to Lukla – 04 hrs with the afternoon free at leisure.

Day 20: Fly back to Kathmandu and transfer to respective hotels.

Day 21: In Kathmandu free day with an optional sightseeing tour.

Day 22: International departure for homeward bound.

Sagarmatha National Park
Area (1,148 SQ. km.)


Sagarmatha National Park is located in the northeastern part of Nepal, in the Solukhumbu District of Province No. 1. The park covers an area of 1,148 square kilometers (443 square miles) and is home to the highest peak in the world, Mount Everest. The park borders Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north and is part of the larger Himalayan range. The park is known for its unique flora and fauna, including rare and endangered species such as the snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, and red panda. Sagarmatha National Park was established in 1976 and was later designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. It is a popular destination for trekking and mountaineering enthusiasts from around the world.


Sagarmatha National Park is located in the Solu-Khumbu district of the Himalayas in eastern Nepal. It is a protected area that covers an area of 1,148 square kilometers and is home to many rare and endangered species of flora and fauna. Here are some of the features of Sagarmatha National Park:

  • Mount Everest: Sagarmatha National Park is home to the world’s highest mountain, Mount Everest. Standing at 8,848 meters (29,029 feet), it is a major attraction for tourists and mountaineers from all over the world.
  • Other mountains: The park also features other high peaks including Lhotse (8,516m), Nuptse (7,861m), Ama Dablam (6,812m) and many more.
  • Glaciers: The park is home to many glaciers, including the Khumbu glacier, which is the largest glacier in the region.
  • Rivers: The park is the source of several major rivers, including the Dudh Kosi, which is a major tributary of the Kosi River.
  • Biodiversity: Sagarmatha National Park is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. It is home to 118 species of birds, including the Himalayan monal and the snow partridge, and 26 species of mammals, including the snow leopard, musk deer, and Himalayan black bear.
  • Sherpa culture: The park is home to several Sherpa villages, and visitors can experience the unique culture and traditions of the Sherpa people.
  • Trekking trails: The park features several trekking trails, including the famous Everest Base Camp trek, which attracts thousands of visitors every year.
  • Conservation: The park is managed by the Sagarmatha National Park Administration, which works to protect and preserve the unique environment and biodiversity of the region.

Overall, Sagarmatha National Park is a unique and breathtaking destination, and one of the most important natural and cultural heritage sites in Nepal.

Preparing for the EBC trek and Island Peak Climbing

Preparing for the Everest Base Camp (EBC) trek and Island Peak climbing is essential to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience. Here are some tips to help you prepare:

  • Physical fitness: Both the EBC trek and Island Peak climbing require a good level of physical fitness. You should start preparing at least 3-4 months before your trip, focusing on cardiovascular endurance and strength training for your legs and core.
  • Altitude acclimatization: Altitude sickness is a serious concern when trekking in the Himalayas. To minimize the risk, you should plan your itinerary to allow for proper acclimatization. It’s also a good idea to consult with a doctor about medications to prevent altitude sickness.
  • Gear: The right gear is essential for a successful trip. Make sure you have proper trekking boots, warm clothing, a down jacket, gloves, hat, and a sleeping bag that can withstand sub-zero temperatures. You’ll also need climbing gear like harness, crampons, and ice axe for Island Peak climbing.
  • Training: If you’re planning on climbing Island Peak, it’s recommended to have prior mountaineering experience or to take a training course to learn technical skills such as roped climbing, abseiling, and crevasse rescue.
  • Mental preparation: Both the EBC trek and Island Peak climbing can be physically and mentally demanding. It’s important to prepare yourself mentally for the challenging terrain, long days of hiking, and potential altitude sickness.
  • Permits and logistics: Make sure to obtain the necessary permits for your trek and climbing. You may also need to arrange transportation, accommodation, and a guide or porter service.
  • Insurance: It’s important to have travel insurance that covers trekking and climbing activities in case of accidents, injuries, or emergencies.

By following these tips and preparing well, you can ensure a safe and enjoyable experience on your EBC trek and Island Peak climbing adventure.

Acclimatization and Altitude Sickness during EBC trek and Island Peak Climbing

Acclimatization and altitude sickness are important considerations when trekking to Everest Base Camp (EBC) and climbing Island Peak. Here’s what you need to know:

Acclimatization: Acclimatization is the process of adapting to high-altitude environments, which helps to prevent altitude sickness. When trekking to EBC or climbing Island Peak, you’ll need to allow time for acclimatization to avoid altitude sickness. This can involve taking rest days or short hikes to higher altitudes before descending to a lower altitude for sleep. It’s important to follow your guide’s advice regarding acclimatization to ensure your safety.

Altitude Sickness: Altitude sickness is a potentially serious condition that can occur when trekking at high altitudes. Symptoms can include headache, dizziness, fatigue, nausea, and shortness of breath. In severe cases, it can lead to pulmonary or cerebral edema, which requires immediate medical attention. To prevent altitude sickness, it’s important to acclimatize properly, stay hydrated, eat nutritious meals, and avoid alcohol and smoking. If you experience symptoms of altitude sickness, it’s important to descend to a lower altitude immediately and seek medical attention.

Here are some tips for preventing altitude sickness during your EBC trek or Island Peak climbing:

  • Acclimatize properly: Take rest days or short hikes to higher altitudes before descending to a lower altitude for sleep.
  • Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water and fluids to stay hydrated.
  • Eat nutritious meals: Eat balanced meals to provide your body with the energy it needs to adapt to the high altitude environment.
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking: Alcohol and smoking can impair your body’s ability to acclimatize properly.
  • Take medication: Consider taking medication to prevent altitude sickness, such as Acetazolamide. However, it’s important to consult with a doctor before taking any medication.
  • Descend if necessary: If you experience symptoms of altitude sickness, descend to a lower altitude immediately and seek medical attention.

By following these tips and taking the necessary precautions, you can prevent altitude sickness and ensure a safe and enjoyable experience during your EBC trek or Island Peak climbing.

Trekking Gear and Gear Checklist for EBC trek and Island peak climbing

  • Trekking boots: Sturdy, waterproof, and comfortable trekking boots with good ankle support.
  • Backpack: A comfortable backpack with padded straps and back support to carry your gear.
  • Clothing: Layers are important to cope with changing temperatures. Bring a warm hat, gloves, thermal base layers, fleece jacket, down jacket, trekking pants, and rain gear.
  • Sleeping bag: A warm, four-season sleeping bag that can withstand sub-zero temperatures.
  • Headlamp: A good quality, a waterproof headlamp with spare batteries.
  • Trekking poles: Adjustable trekking poles to provide stability and support on steep terrain.
  • Sunglasses: High-quality sunglasses protect your eyes from the sun’s glare and snow reflection.
  • Water bottle: At least two-liter water bottles can be refilled along the way.
  • First aid kit: A well-stocked first aid kit with essentials like painkillers, bandages, antiseptic creams, and blister treatments.
  • Sunscreen: A high SPF sunscreen protects your skin from the strong sun at high altitudes.
  • Snacks: High-energy snacks like nuts, energy bars, and chocolate to keep you going on long trekking days.
  • Map and compass: A detailed map of the region and a compass to navigate your way through the mountains.

Island Peak Climbing Gear:

In addition to the above trekking gear, you’ll also need the following climbing gear for Island Peak Climbing:

  • Climbing boots: Sturdy and insulated climbing boots with crampon compatibility.
  • Crampons: Crampons to attach to your boots for traction on the ice and snow.
  • Harness: A comfortable and sturdy climbing harness.
  • Carabiners: Several locking and non-locking carabiners for attaching yourself to the rope.
  • Ice axe: A sturdy ice axe for support on steep terrain.
  • Rope: A climbing rope to secure yourself to the mountain.
  • Helmet: A good quality helmet to protect your head from falling rocks or ice.
  • Ascender/descender: An ascender/descender device to climb up or down the ropes.

Make sure to pack and double-check your gear before your trip to ensure that you have everything you need. Also, be prepared to carry your gear during the trek or climb, so pack wisely and efficiently.

Food and Water on the EBC and island Peak Climbing trip

Food and water are essential aspects to consider while trekking to Everest Base Camp (EBC) and climbing Island Peak. Here’s what you need to know:

Food: During your EBC trek or Island Peak climbing, you’ll have access to teahouses and campsites that offer a variety of food options. The menus typically include Nepalese and Western dishes like rice, noodles, soups, stews, and curries. You can also find snacks like energy bars, chocolate, and biscuits at teahouses or bring your own.

It’s important to eat nutritious and balanced meals to maintain your energy levels and prevent altitude sickness. Try to choose meals that are high in carbohydrates, protein, and fiber. You can also bring some snacks from home, like nuts, dried fruit, or energy bars, to supplement your meals.

Water: Staying hydrated is crucial when trekking to high altitudes. It’s recommended to drink at least three to four liters of water per day to prevent dehydration and altitude sickness. You can purchase bottled water at teahouses, but it’s not eco-friendly and can be expensive. Therefore, it’s recommended to bring a water purification system or water filter to treat the water from streams or taps.

You can also bring water purification tablets or drops as a backup. Boiling water for at least five minutes is also an effective way to purify it. Avoid drinking tap water or untreated water from streams as it can contain harmful bacteria and viruses.

In addition to water, you can also drink herbal teas, like ginger, lemon, or honey tea, which are known to help with altitude sickness.

Overall, it’s essential to prioritize food and water during your EBC trek or Island Peak climbing to ensure your health and well-being during your trip.

Tips for Successful island peak Climbing

Island Peak is a challenging climb that requires proper preparation and planning. Here are some tips for a successful Island Peak climbing experience:

Train well: To climb Island Peak, you need to have good physical fitness and endurance. Start training at least six months before your trip, focusing on building your strength, stamina, and cardiovascular endurance through activities like hiking, running, cycling, and climbing.

  • Acclimatize properly: Acclimatization is crucial to prevent altitude sickness and improve your chances of a successful climb. Take sufficient time to acclimatize along the trekking route before attempting to climb Island Peak.
  • Hire a guide and porter: It’s highly recommended to hire an experienced guide and porter to assist you during your climb. They can provide valuable guidance on the climb and help carry your gear, making your experience safer and more enjoyable.
  • Use quality equipment: Ensure that you have high-quality climbing gear, including boots, crampons, harness, helmet, ropes, and ice axe. Test your equipment before the climb and make sure it fits properly and is comfortable to use.
  • Start early: Island Peak climb usually starts early in the morning to avoid climbing during the heat of the day and to reach the summit before the weather changes. Plan to start the climb early and pace yourself accordingly.
  • Stay focused and positive: Island Peak climb can be physically and mentally challenging, especially during the final push to the summit. Stay focused on your goal and keep a positive attitude throughout the climb. Remember to take breaks, hydrate, and eat well to maintain your energy levels.
  • Follow safety protocols: Always follow the safety protocols set by your guide, including roped-up climbing and using proper equipment. Be aware of weather conditions and signs of altitude sickness, and communicate any concerns with your guide immediately.

Climbing Island Peak can be a life-changing experience, and with proper planning and preparation, you can have a safe and successful climb.

Weather Conditions and Seasonal Considerations:

Weather conditions and seasonal considerations are important factors to consider when planning for an EBC trek and Island Peak climbing trip. Here are some things to keep in mind:

  • Season: The best time to go for an EBC trek and Island Peak climbing is from March to May and from September to November. During these months, the weather is dry and stable, with clear skies and mild temperatures.
  • Temperature: The temperature during the day can range from 10-15 degrees Celsius in lower elevations to -10 degrees Celsius or colder in higher elevations. At night, temperatures can drop well below freezing, so it’s important to bring warm clothing and a good sleeping bag.
  • Precipitation: The monsoon season in Nepal runs from June to August, which brings heavy rainfall and can lead to flooding and landslides. It’s not recommended to trek during this season. During the trekking season, there can be occasional snowfall or rain, especially at higher elevations.
  • Altitude: The higher you climb, the colder and windier it gets. Be prepared for strong winds and sudden weather changes, especially during the final push to the summit of Island Peak.
  • Avalanche Risk: During the winter months, there can be an increased risk of avalanches, especially in areas with steep terrain. Check the weather forecast and avalanche conditions before attempting any climbing.
  • Sun Exposure: At high altitudes, the sun’s UV rays are much stronger, and it’s easy to get sunburned. Wear sunscreen and bring sunglasses to protect your eyes.
  • Crowds: During peak trekking season, the trail to EBC and Island Peak can get quite crowded. It’s important to plan ahead and make reservations for accommodations and permits well in advance.

By keeping these weather conditions and seasonal considerations in mind, you can plan your EBC trek and Island Peak climbing trip accordingly and ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

Environmental and Cultural Considerations

Environmental and cultural considerations are important factors to keep in mind during an EBC trek and Island Peak climbing trip. Here are some things to consider:

  • Leave No Trace: It’s important to follow the principles of Leave No Trace to minimize your impact on the environment. This includes packing out all trash and minimizing your use of disposable items.
  • Respect local culture: The Khumbu region is home to the Sherpa community, who have a rich cultural heritage. It’s important to respect local customs and traditions, including dress codes and religious practices.
  • Support local economy: Whenever possible, support the local economy by purchasing goods and services from local businesses. This can include staying in locally-owned lodges and hiring local guides and porters.
  • Use water responsibly: Water is a precious resource in the Khumbu region. Use water responsibly by taking short showers, using water sparingly when brushing your teeth, and avoiding washing clothes in streams or rivers.
  • Respect wildlife: The Khumbu region is home to a variety of wildlife, including rare and endangered species. Respect wildlife by keeping a safe distance and not disturbing their natural habitat.
  • Minimize carbon footprint: Air travel and transportation in Nepal contribute to greenhouse gas emissions. Consider minimizing your carbon footprint by taking public transportation or carpooling when possible, and offsetting your carbon emissions through a reputable carbon offset program.

By keeping these environmental and cultural considerations in mind, you can help preserve the natural and cultural heritage of the Khumbu region for future generations.

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