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Everest Base Camp Trek 11 Nights and 12 Days

June 22, 2023

Everest Base Camp Trek 11 Nights and 12 Days

Table of Contents:

  1. Overview of the Everest Base Camp Trek- 11 Nights and 12 Days
  2. Best Time to Trek to Everest Base Camp
  3. Required Permits and Documents
  4. Physical Fitness and Training
  5. Choosing the Right Trekking Agency
  6. Detailed Itinerary for the 11 Nights 12 Days Trek
  7. Accommodation and Tea Houses
  8. Altitude Sickness and Safety Precautions
  9. Essential Packing List for the Trek
  10. Tips for a Successful Everest Base Camp Trek
  11. Conclusion

Overview of the Everest Base Camp Trek- 11 Nights and 12 Days

The Everest Base Camp Trek is a thrilling journey that spans over 11 nights and 12 days, providing an opportunity to witness the majestic beauty of the Everest region. This iconic trek takes you through picturesque valleys, dense forests, and rugged mountain trails, ultimately leading to the base camp of Mount Everest.

During the trek, you will experience a diverse range of landscapes, from lush greenery to barren glaciers. You’ll pass through charming Sherpa villages, where you can immerse yourself in the local culture and hospitality. The trek also offers breathtaking views of the Himalayan peaks, including Mount Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, and Ama Dablam.

With each passing day, you’ll gain altitude and acclimatize to the challenging conditions. The trek requires a moderate level of physical fitness, as you’ll be walking for several hours each day and tackling some steep inclines. However, with proper training and preparation, anyone with a sense of adventure can undertake this remarkable journey.

The 11 Nights and 12 Days Everest Base Camp Trek is not only a physical challenge but also a spiritual and emotional experience. Standing at the base camp of the world’s highest peak is a humbling and awe-inspiring moment that will stay with you forever.

Join fellow trekkers from around the world as you embark on this unforgettable adventure, creating memories and forging friendships along the way. The Everest Base Camp Trek is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to explore the wonders of the Himalayas and fulfill your dreams of reaching the foot of Mount Everest.

Best Time to Trek to Everest Base Camp

The best time to trek to Everest Base Camp largely depends on the weather conditions and the level of comfort you seek during your journey. Here’s a breakdown of the different seasons and their characteristics:

Spring (March to May):

Spring is considered the best time to trek to Everest Base Camp. The weather is generally stable, with mild temperatures and clear skies. The trails are adorned with blooming rhododendrons and other colorful flowers, adding to the scenic beauty. However, this season is also popular, so expect larger crowds on the trail and in the tea houses.

Autumn (September to November):

Autumn is another ideal season for the Everest Base Camp Trek. The weather remains dry and stable, offering clear views of the mountains. The temperatures are moderate during the day, although nights can get quite chilly. The trail is less crowded compared to the spring season, allowing for a more serene and peaceful trekking experience.

Winter (December to February):

Winter brings cold temperatures and occasional snowfall to the Everest region. The trekking trails are less crowded, making it an attractive option for those seeking solitude. However, trekking during this season requires extra preparation and proper gear to withstand the cold. The views of the snow-covered landscapes can be breathtaking, but be prepared for harsh conditions and limited facilities along the way.

Summer/Monsoon (June to August):

The summer months in Everest Base Camp coincide with the monsoon season in Nepal. This period experiences heavy rainfall, making the trails slippery and increasing the risk of landslides. The visibility may be limited due to clouds and fog, obstructing the panoramic views of the mountains. Trekking during this season is less popular, but it can be a unique experience for those seeking solitude and willing to brave the wet conditions.

It’s important to note that weather conditions can vary from year to year, and unexpected weather patterns can occur. It’s advisable to check the local weather forecasts and consult with experienced guides or trekking agencies before finalizing your trekking dates.

Overall, both the spring and autumn seasons offer favorable weather conditions and stunning views, making them the most recommended times to undertake the Everest Base Camp Trek.

Required Permits and Documents

When planning a trek to Everest Base Camp in Nepal, you need to obtain several permits and documents to ensure a legal and organized journey. Here are the key permits and documents required for the Everest Base Camp trek:

TIMS Card (Trekkers’ Information Management System): The TIMS card is mandatory for all trekkers in Nepal. It helps track trekkers and ensures their safety. There are two types of TIMS cards: Green (for individual trekkers) and Blue (for organized trekkers). You can obtain a TIMS card from the Nepal Tourism Board in Kathmandu or from the Trekking Agencies’ Association of Nepal (TAAN).

Sagarmatha National Park Permit: Since Everest Base Camp is located within the Sagarmatha National Park, you need a permit to enter the park. The permit can be obtained from the Nepal Tourism Board’s office in Kathmandu or from the entrance gate of the national park in Monjo. You will need to provide your passport details and pay the required fee.

Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality Entry Permit: In addition to the TIMS card and Sagarmatha National Park Permit, you are required to obtain a local entry permit from the Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality. This permit can be obtained in Monjo or Lukla, the starting point of the Everest Base Camp trek. You will need to provide your passport details and pay the applicable fee.

Travel Insurance: It is highly recommended to have comprehensive travel insurance that covers emergency medical evacuation, trekking at high altitudes, and other unforeseen circumstances. Make sure your insurance policy specifically mentions trekking and climbing activities.

Passport and Visa: A valid passport with at least six months of validity is required to enter Nepal. You can obtain a tourist visa upon arrival at the Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu or apply for a visa in advance from the Nepalese embassy/consulate in your home country.

Everest base camp trek-11 nights and 12 Days

The view of Cholache & Tawache from Nagarjun hills

Physical Fitness and Training

Preparing for a trek to Everest Base Camp requires a good level of physical fitness and training. The trek is challenging and involves long days of walking in high altitude conditions. Here are some important aspects to consider when it comes to physical fitness and training for Everest Base Camp:

Cardiovascular Fitness: Trekking to Everest Base Camp involves walking for several hours each day, often uphill and at high altitudes. Building cardiovascular endurance is crucial. Engage in activities like hiking, running, cycling, or swimming to improve your cardiovascular fitness. Aim for regular aerobic exercise at least three to four times a week.

Strength Training: Strengthening your muscles, particularly your legs, will help you cope with the demands of the trek. Focus on exercises that target your quadriceps, hamstrings, calves, and core muscles. Squats, lunges, step-ups, and leg presses are beneficial. Include upper body exercises as well to maintain overall strength.

Endurance Training: As the trek involves walking for several days consecutively, it’s essential to build endurance. Gradually increase the duration and intensity of your training sessions to simulate the conditions you will experience during the trek. Long-distance hikes and multi-day backpacking trips are excellent ways to build endurance.

Altitude Acclimatization: Acclimatizing to high altitudes is crucial to avoid altitude sickness. Prioritize slow and steady ascent during the trek. Consider including altitude training in your preparation, such as spending time in high-altitude regions or using altitude simulation devices.

Core Stability and Balance: Enhancing your core stability and balance will improve your overall trekking experience. Engage in exercises like planks, side planks, yoga, and balance exercises to strengthen your core muscles and improve balance.

Mental Preparation: Trekking to Everest Base Camp is physically demanding but also mentally challenging. Prepare yourself mentally for the journey by visualizing the trek, setting realistic goals, and developing a positive mindset. Mental resilience and determination are vital for completing the trek successfully.

Gradual Progression: When training, gradually increase the intensity, duration, and difficulty of your workouts over time. This approach helps prevent injuries and allows your body to adapt gradually to the demands of the trek.

Consult a Professional: If you have any health concerns or are unsure about your fitness level, it’s advisable to consult a healthcare professional or a qualified fitness trainer. They can assess your current fitness level and provide personalized advice and guidance.

Choosing the Right Trekking Agency

When choosing a trekking agency for your Everest Base Camp trek, it’s important to consider several factors to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience. While I cannot specifically endorse any specific agency, I can provide you with some general guidelines to help you choose a reliable and reputable trekking agency:

Reputation and Experience: Look for agencies with a good reputation and a track record of organizing successful treks to Everest Base Camp. Read reviews and testimonials from previous clients to get an idea of their service quality and customer satisfaction. An experienced agency will have knowledgeable guides and well-organized logistics.

Licensed and Registered: Ensure that the trekking agency is licensed and registered with the appropriate authorities in Nepal. This ensures that they meet certain standards and guidelines set by the government for operating trekking and tour services.

Qualified Guides and Staff: A reputable agency will employ experienced and trained guides who are knowledgeable about the trekking routes, safety measures, and altitude-related risks. Inquire about the qualifications and experience of the guides and support staff who will accompany you during the trek.

Safety Measures: Safety should be a top priority for any trekking agency. Inquire about the safety measures they have in place, such as emergency evacuation plans, first aid kits, communication systems, and staff training in altitude sickness and other medical emergencies.

Itinerary and Services: Review the trekking itinerary provided by the agency. Ensure that it suits your fitness level, time constraints, and preferences. Check what services are included in the package, such as accommodation, meals, transportation, permits, and equipment. A transparent and comprehensive itinerary will give you a clear idea of what to expect during the trek.

Responsible Tourism Practices: Consider agencies that promote responsible and sustainable tourism practices. This includes respecting local culture and the environment, minimizing waste, supporting local communities, and employing ethical labor practices.

Price and Value for Money: While it’s essential to consider the cost, don’t make it the sole determining factor. Look for a balance between reasonable pricing and the quality of services provided. Cheaper options may compromise on safety, guide qualifications, or overall experience.

Personal Recommendations: Seek recommendations from friends, fellow travelers, or online forums who have previously completed the Everest Base Camp trek. Their first-hand experiences and insights can be valuable in choosing a reliable agency.

Regarding specific recommendations like Nepal Everest guide or Safe Holiday Adventure (P.) Ltd, it’s always a good idea to conduct thorough research, read reviews, and personally communicate with the agency to assess their suitability for your needs and preferences.

Detailed Itinerary for the 11 Nights 12 Days Trek

Day 1: Arrival in Kathmandu (1,400 meters / 4,593 feet)

Upon your arrival in Kathmandu, you will be greeted at the airport and transferred to your hotel. Take the rest of the day to relax, explore the vibrant city, and make any necessary preparations for the trek. You can visit the bustling streets of Thamel, where you’ll find trekking gear shops, restaurants, and cultural attractions.

Day 2: Flight to Lukla and Trek to Phakding (2,610 meters / 8,562 feet)

In the morning, you’ll take a scenic flight from Kathmandu to Lukla (2,860 meters / 9,383 feet), the gateway to the Everest region. From Lukla, you’ll begin your trek towards Phakding, descending through picturesque Sherpa villages and crossing suspension bridges over the Dudh Koshi River. Phakding, situated at an elevation of 2,610 meters, will be your first overnight stop on the trek.

Day 3: Trek to Namche Bazaar (3,440 meters / 11,286 feet)

Leaving Phakding behind, you’ll continue your trek along the Dudh Koshi River, crossing more suspension bridges and ascending gradually through beautiful forests filled with rhododendron and pine trees. You’ll reach the vibrant Sherpa town of Namche Bazaar, located at 3,440 meters, which serves as a major trading hub in the region.

Day 4: Acclimatization Day in Namche Bazaar

To aid acclimatization, you’ll spend an extra day in Namche Bazaar. You can explore the town, visit the local market, and hike to the Everest View Hotel for stunning panoramic views of Mount Everest (8,848 meters / 29,029 feet), Lhotse, Nuptse, and other surrounding peaks. This day will help your body adjust to the increasing altitude.

Day 5: Trek to Tengboche (3,870 meters / 12,694 feet)

As you leave Namche Bazaar, the trail offers breathtaking views of the Himalayan peaks. You’ll trek through rhododendron forests, pass by small settlements, and reach Tengboche, home to one of the most important monasteries in the Khumbu region. The Tengboche Monastery, situated at an altitude of 3,870 meters, provides a serene and spiritual atmosphere.

Day 6: Trek to Dingboche (4,410 meters / 14,468 feet)

Continuing your trek, you’ll descend through forests and cross the Imja Khola. The trail then ascends gradually towards Dingboche, a picturesque village located at an elevation of 4,410 meters. As you gain altitude, you’ll notice the landscape transitioning to a more rugged and barren terrain.

Day 7: Acclimatization Day in Dingboche

Another acclimatization day is scheduled in Dingboche to aid your body’s adjustment to the increasing altitude. You can take a short hike to Nagarjun Hill or Chhukung Ri, both offering breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains, including Ama Dablam, Lhotse, and Island Peak. Use this day to rest and prepare for the upcoming challenges.

Day 8: Trek to Lobuche (4,940 meters / 16,207 feet)

From Dingboche, the trail gradually ascends towards Dughla and then follows a rocky path towards Lobuche. The stunning mountain views will accompany you along the way, including the towering peaks of Nuptse, Pumori, and Khumbutse. Lobuche, situated at an elevation of 4,940 meters, is a popular overnight stop for trekkers an route to Everest Base Camp.

Day 9: Trek to Everest Base Camp (5,364 meters / 17,598 feet) and Gorak Shep (5,164 meters / 16,942 feet)

Today is a highly anticipated day as you make your way to the legendary Everest Base Camp. The trail follows the Khumbu Glacier, offering spectacular views of icefalls and seracs. Upon reaching Everest Base Camp, at an altitude of 5,364 meters, you’ll have a remarkable sense of achievement. After spending some time at the base camp, you’ll trek back to Gorak Shep, a nearby settlement where you’ll spend the night.

Day 10: Hike to Kala Patthar (5,545 meters / 18,192 feet) and Descend to Pheriche (4,240 meters / 13,910 feet)

Before sunrise, you’ll embark on a challenging hike to Kala Patthar, a renowned vantage point offering panoramic views of Mount Everest, the Khumbu Glacier, and the surrounding peaks. After taking in the breathtaking scenery, you’ll descend to Pheriche, a village situated at an elevation of 4,240 meters, where you’ll spend the night.

Day 11: Trek to Namche Bazaar

Leaving Pheriche behind, you’ll retrace your steps, descending through forests and passing by Tengboche. The trail offers beautiful views of the Himalayas and Sherpa settlements. You’ll reach Namche Bazaar, where you’ll spend the night, reminiscing about the incredible journey you’ve had.

Day 12: Trek to Lukla

On the final day of the trek, you’ll make your way back to Lukla, retracing the trail through Phakding. It’s a bittersweet moment as you bid farewell to the mountains and the Sherpa culture that has accompanied you throughout the journey. In Lukla, you can celebrate the successful completion of the trek with your fellow trekkers and support staff.

Day 13: Flight from Lukla to Kathmandu

In the morning, you’ll take a scenic flight from Lukla back to Kathmandu, where you’ll be transferred to your hotel. The rest of the day is free for you to relax, explore the city, and reflect on the extraordinary adventure you’ve experienced.

Accommodation and Tea Houses

During the Everest Base Camp trek, there are several accommodation options available, including tea houses, lodges, and guesthouses. These are located at various points along the trekking route, providing hikers with a place to rest, eat, and sleep. Here’s some information about accommodation and tea houses during the Everest Base Camp trek:

Tea Houses/Lodges: Tea houses are the most common type of accommodation along the Everest Base Camp trek. They are essentially mountain lodges that offer basic facilities such as private or shared rooms, communal dining areas, and shared bathrooms. The quality of tea houses can vary from basic to relatively comfortable, depending on the location and elevation.

Amenities: Tea houses typically provide a bed with a mattress and a blanket. However, it’s recommended to bring your own sleeping bag for added warmth and comfort. Some tea houses may also offer hot showers, charging facilities for electronic devices (for a fee), and Wi-Fi, although these services may be limited and unreliable at higher altitudes.

Dining: Most tea houses have dining halls that serve meals throughout the day. They offer a variety of dishes, including Nepali, Tibetan, Indian, and Western cuisine. Common food options include dal bhat (rice with lentil soup), noodles, momos (dumplings), and fried rice. It’s advisable to stick to simple and freshly prepared meals to avoid any stomach issues during the trek.

Availability and Booking: Tea houses are scattered along the entire trekking route, with more options available in popular villages like Namche Bazaar, Tengboche, Dingboche, and Lobuche. It’s generally not necessary to pre-book tea houses in advance, except during peak seasons (April and October). However, it’s still a good idea to arrive early to secure a room, especially if you have specific preferences or requirements.

Altitude Considerations: As you ascend to higher altitudes, the amenities and facilities at tea houses become more basic. At higher elevations, expect shared bathrooms and colder temperatures. It’s important to acclimatize properly, so plan your itinerary accordingly and take rest days as needed.

Hygiene and Safety: Tea houses may vary in terms of cleanliness and hygiene standards. It’s recommended to carry your own water purification method or purchase bottled water to ensure safe drinking water. Basic hygiene practices such as using hand sanitizers and carrying toilet paper are also advised.

EBC trek 2023

Pheriche Valley

Altitude Sickness and Safety Precautions 

Trekking to Everest Base Camp (EBC) is a challenging and exhilarating adventure. Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a significant concern during the EBC trek due to the high altitudes involved. Here are some safety precautions and tips to help you minimize the risk of altitude sickness and ensure a safe trek:

Gradual ascent: Acclimatization is crucial to avoid altitude sickness. Give your body enough time to adjust to the increasing altitude by taking a slow and gradual approach. Spend a couple of days acclimatizing in Namche Bazaar (3,440 meters) and Dingboche (4,410 meters) before reaching higher altitudes.

Hydration: Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated, as dehydration can worsen the symptoms of altitude sickness. Aim for at least 3-4 liters of water per day and avoid alcohol and caffeinated beverages, as they can contribute to dehydration.

Listen to your body: Pay attention to any symptoms of altitude sickness, such as headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, fatigue, and shortness of breath. If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to communicate with your trekking guide and consider descending to a lower altitude.

Medication: Consult with your doctor before the trek and discuss the possibility of taking medication like acetazolamide (Diamox) as a preventive measure against altitude sickness. However, medication should not be considered a substitute for acclimatization, and it’s still crucial to ascend gradually.

Proper rest and sleep: Allow your body to rest and recover by getting adequate sleep during the trek. Quality sleep can contribute to better acclimatization and reduce the risk of altitude sickness.

Balanced diet: Maintain a healthy and balanced diet, rich in carbohydrates and proteins. Eating foods high in calories will provide you with the energy you need for the trek. It’s recommended to include garlic soup in your diet, as it is believed to help with acclimatization.

Avoid overexertion: Pace yourself and avoid overexertion during the trek. Ascend slowly and take frequent breaks to allow your body to adjust to the altitude.

Follow trekking guidelines: Always follow the instructions and guidelines provided by your trekking guide or agency. They are experienced in the region and have knowledge about altitude-related risks. Do not rush and prioritize safety over reaching the destination quickly.

Travel with a reputable agency: Choose a reliable and experienced trekking agency that provides well-trained guides and follows safety standards. They can help you navigate the challenges of altitude and ensure your safety.

Insurance: Purchase comprehensive travel insurance that covers high-altitude trekking, including medical evacuation in case of emergencies.

Essential Packing List 

Packing appropriately for the Everest Base Camp trek is crucial to ensure your comfort and safety throughout the journey. Here’s an essential packing list to consider:


  • Base layers: Moisture-wicking, breathable shirts and pants for layering.
  • Insulating layers: Fleece jackets, down or synthetic insulated jackets to keep you warm at higher altitudes.
  • Waterproof and windproof outer shell jacket and pants.
  • Trekking pants and shorts.
  • Thermal underwear for colder nights.
  • T-shirts and long-sleeve shirts.
  • Undergarments and socks (wool or synthetic materials).
  • Beanie/hat to cover your head and ears.
  • Gloves (liner gloves and waterproof gloves).
  • Bandanas or buffs for protecting your face from dust and wind.
  • Sunglasses with UV protection.


  • Sturdy, broken-in trekking boots with ankle support.
  • Hiking socks (wool or synthetic materials) to prevent blisters.
  • Camp shoes or sandals for resting your feet in the evenings.

Gear and Equipment:

  • Backpack: A comfortable backpack with a capacity of 40-50 liters to carry your essentials.
  • Sleeping bag rated for cold temperatures (at least -10°C/14°F).
  • Trekking poles for stability and to reduce strain on your knees.
  • Headlamp or flashlight with extra batteries.
  • Water bottles or hydration system (2-3 liters capacity).
  • Duffel bag or waterproof bag to transport your gear (can be carried separately by porters).
  • Daypack for carrying essentials during daily hikes.
  • Waterproof covers or dry bags to protect your belongings from rain.
  • Trekking towel.

Personal Hygiene:

  • Toiletries (toothbrush, toothpaste, biodegradable soap, wet wipes, hand sanitizer, etc.).
  • Sunscreen (SPF 50+), lip balm with SPF, and moisturizer.
  • Personal medication and a basic first aid kit (band-aids, blister treatment, pain relievers, altitude sickness medication, etc.).
  • Insect repellent.


  • Trekking map and guidebook.
  • Trekking permits (Sagarmatha National Park Permit, TIMS card).
  • Cash (Nepalese Rupees) for expenses along the way (tea houses, snacks, souvenirs, etc.).
  • Passport and copies of important documents.
  • Camera or smartphone for capturing memories (extra batteries or power banks).

Tips for a Successful Everest Base Camp Trek

Physical Fitness: Prepare yourself physically by engaging in regular exercise, including cardiovascular workouts and strength training, to build stamina and endurance.

Acclimatization: Take your time to acclimatize properly to the high altitude. Ascend gradually and include rest days in your itinerary to allow your body to adjust to the thin air.

Packing Essentials:

  • Layered clothing: Pack a variety of lightweight and warm clothing options for varying temperatures.
  • Good-quality hiking boots and socks: Ensure your footwear is comfortable and broken in.
  • Sleeping bag: Invest in a warm and lightweight sleeping bag suitable for cold weather.
  • Waterproof and windproof outerwear: Keep yourself protected from the elements.
  • Sunscreen, sunglasses, and a hat: Shield yourself from the strong sun and UV rays at high altitudes.
  • First aid kit: Carry basic medical supplies, including altitude sickness medication.
  • Snacks and hydration: Pack energy bars, trail mix, and a reusable water bottle to stay nourished and hydrated.
  • Trekking poles: Consider using trekking poles for added stability and support during the trek.
  • Hiring a Guide and Porter: Consider hiring a local guide and porter to assist you during the trek. They are familiar with the
  • terrain, can provide valuable information, and help carry your heavy backpack.

Hygiene and Sanitation: Maintain good hygiene practices by carrying hand sanitizers, wet wipes, and biodegradable toiletries. Follow responsible waste management practices and avoid littering.

Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of fluids, preferably boiled or treated water, to stay hydrated at high altitudes. Proper hydration helps prevent altitude sickness.

Slow and Steady Pace: Trek at a slow and steady pace to conserve energy and avoid overexertion. It’s not a race, and your body needs time to adjust to the altitude.

Respect Local Culture: Respect the local customs, traditions, and religious sites. Learn a few basic phrases in the local language, such as greetings, to show respect and build rapport with the locals.

Weather Conditions: Be prepared for changing weather conditions, which can vary drastically at high altitudes. Check the weather forecast regularly and carry appropriate gear accordingly.

Trekking Permits and Insurance: Obtain the necessary permits for the trek, such as the Sagarmatha National Park Permit and TIMS (Trekkers’ Information Management System) card. Additionally, make sure you have travel insurance that covers high-altitude trekking.

Mental Preparation: Prepare yourself mentally for the challenges of the trek. Be patient, stay positive, and embrace the journey with an open mind. It’s a physically demanding adventure, but the stunning views and sense of accomplishment make it worthwhile.


In the realm where Earth meets sky, we embarked on an extraordinary quest—the Everest Base Camp trek. Over 11 nights and 12 days, we ventured through the Khumbu’s rugged trails, amidst towering peaks and fluttering prayer flags. The journey tested our strength, fostering bonds of camaraderie and unveiling the depths of our spirit. As we stood at Everest’s base, humbled by its grandeur, we realized the summit we sought was not just a physical peak, but an inner transformation. With hearts brimming with gratitude, we depart, forever carrying the mountains within us—a testament to the indomitable human will and the beauty that lies within life’s greatest challenges.

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